Expression of CD1d and ligand-induced cytokine production are tissue specific in mucosal epithelia of the human lower reproductive tract.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Mucosal epithelia of the human lower reproductive tract (vagina, cervix, and penile urethra) are exposed to sexually transmitted microbes, including Chlamydia trachomatis. The in vivo susceptibility of each tissue type to infection with C. trachomatis is quite distinct. CD1d is expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells, including mucosal epithelial cells, and interacts specifically with invariant NKT cells. Invariant NKT cells play a role in both innate and adaptive immune responses to microbes. Here we assessed CD1d expression in normal reproductive tissues by using immunohistochemistry. Immortalized epithelial cell lines from the human lower reproductive tract (vagina, endocervix, and penile urethra) were examined for CD1d expression and for ligand-induced cytokine production induced by CD1d cross-linking. CD1d expression in normal tissue was strong in the vagina but weak in the endocervix and penile urethra. Gamma interferon exposure induced CD1d transcription in all of the cell types studied, with the strongest induction in vaginal cells. Flow cytometry revealed cell surface expression of CD1d in vaginal and penile urethral epithelial cells but not in endocervical cells. Ligation of surface-expressed CD1d by monoclonal antibody cross-linking promoted interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-15, but not IL-10, production in vaginal and penile urethral cells. No induction was demonstrated in endocervical cells. CD1d-mediated cytokine production in penile urethral cells was abrogated by C. trachomatis infection. Basal deficiency in CD1d-mediated immune responsiveness may result in susceptibility to sexually transmitted agents. Decreased CD1d-mediated signaling may help C. trachomatis evade detection by innate immune cells.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kawana, K; Matsumoto, J; Miura, S; Shen, L; Kawana, Y; Nagamatsu, T; Yasugi, T; Fujii, T; Yang, H; Quayle, AJ; Taketani, Y; Schust, DJ

Published Date

  • July 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 3011 - 3018

PubMed ID

  • 18458073

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2446716

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5522

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/IAI.01672-07

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States