A Nationwide Analysis of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Mortality, Complications, and Health Economics in the USA.
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a devastating neurological condition. Endovascular coiling or surgical clipping have equivocal success rates, but relatively little is known regarding the health economics and complications of these procedures at the population level. We aimed to analyze the complication profiles and healthcare resource utilization (HRCU) associated with the treatment of aSAH in the USA. We performed a retrospective analysis utilizing the IBM MarketScan database between 2008 and 2015. Primary outcomes included economic analysis stratified by post-operative complication; determination of the effect of several factors on total cost by multivariable regression; and analysis of the incidence, timing, and associated HCRU of aSAH-related post-operative complications. Of the 2374 patients meeting inclusion criteria for economic analysis, 1783 (75.1%) patients had at least one of the ten complications. The most common complications included hydrocephalus (43.8%), transient cerebral ischemia (including vasospasm) (30.6%), ischemic stroke (29.1%), syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)/hyposmolarity/hyponatremia (22.1%), and seizures (14.9%). Patients who experienced complications had higher median 90-day total costs [$161,127 (Q1 to Q3, $101,411 to $257,662)] than those who did not [$97,376 (Q1 to Q3, $55,692 to $147,447)]. Length of stay was longest for those with pulmonary embolism and pneumonia (27 days) and shortest for those with SIADH/hyposmolarity/hyponatremia (16 days). Brain compression/herniation had the highest mortality rate (19.5%). In total, 14.6% of all patients experienced a readmission within 30 days. In conclusion, patients with aSAH have high post-operative complication rates and costs. Development of novel interventions to reduce complications and improve outcomes is crucial.
Charalambous, LT; Adil, SM; Rajkumar, S; Gramer, R; Kirsch, E; Liu, B; Zomorodi, A; McClellan, M; Lad, SP
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