Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging in experimental hypercapnia: improvement in the relation between changes in brain R2 and the oxygen saturation of venous blood after correction for changes in cerebral blood volume.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Acute hypercapnia simultaneously induces increases in regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and the oxygen saturation of cerebral venous blood (Yv). Changes in both physiologic parameters may influence the changes in R2 (deltaR2) that can be measured in the brain with gradient echo magnetic resonance imaging. The authors examined the effect of incorporating independent measurements of the change in rCBV (deltarCBV) on the fidelity of the relation between deltaR2 and deltaYv in the setting of experimental hypercapnia. A two-dimensional T2-weighted gradient echo sequence was used to measure deltaR2 in the brain parenchyma of anesthetized rats in response to hypercapnia with respect to the control state. In parallel, estimates of rCBV were obtained using a three-dimensional steady-state approach in conjunction with a paramagnetic contrast agent during both control and hypercapnic states so that a deltarCBV could be calculated. Regional CBV values of 2.96 +/- 0.82% and 5.74 +/- 1.21% were obtained during the control and hypercapnic states, respectively, and linear relations between rCBV and CO2 tension in both arterial (r = 0.80) and jugular venous (r = 0.76) blood samples were obtained. When correlating deltaR2 directly with deltaYv, no clear relation was apparent, but a strong linear relation (r = 0.76) was observed when correction for deltarCBV was incorporated into the data analysis. These results are consistent with the current understanding of the mechanisms of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) contrast and underscore the potential importance of taking into account deltarCBV when quantitative estimates of deltaYv from the "BOLD effect" are intended.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lin, W; Celik, A; Paczynski, RP; Hsu, CY; Powers, WJ

Published Date

  • August 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 853 - 862

PubMed ID

  • 10458592

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0271-678X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00004647-199908000-00004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States