The proper localization of RESPONSIVE TO DESICCATION 20 in lipid droplets depends on their biogenesis induced by STRESS-RELATED PROTEINS in vegetative tissues.
Arabidopsis LD surface proteins, SRPs are found only in higher plants and are important for LD biogenesis and abiotic stress signaling. However, the cellular mechanism of SRPs is still unclear. To investigate molecular functions of SRPs, we used tobacco transient expression system. Transient expression of SRPs was sufficient and synergistic for LD biogenesis, and SRPs participated in the formation step of LD in tobacco leaves. RESPONSIVE TO DESICCATION 20 (RD20), a known LD-localizing peroxygenase, localized to LD in the presence of an SRP, and its peroxygenase activity correlated with proper localization of RD20 to LD. Our data suggest that Arabidopsis SRPs play roles as positive factors for LD biogenesis to provide a proper localization of LD-localizing proteins in vegetative tissues.
Park, KY; Kim, WT; Kim, EY
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