Overexpression of CaDSR6 increases tolerance to drought and salt stresses in transgenic Arabidopsis plants.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The partial CaDSR6 (Capsicum annuum Drought Stress Responsive 6) cDNA was previously identified as a drought-induced gene in hot pepper root tissues. However, the cellular role of CaDSR6 with regard to drought stress tolerance was unknown. In this report, full-length CaDSR6 cDNA was isolated. The deduced CaDSR6 protein was composed of 234 amino acids and contained an approximately 30 amino acid-long Asp-rich domain in its central region. This Asp-rich domain was highly conserved in all plant DSR6 homologs identified and shared a sequence identity with the N-terminal regions of yeast p23(fyp) and human hTCTP, which contain Rab protein binding sites. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing CaDSR6 (35S:CaDSR6-sGFP) were tolerant to high salinity, as identified by more vigorous root growth and higher levels of total chlorophyll than wild type plants. CaDSR6-overexpressors were also more tolerant to drought stress compared to wild type plants. The 35S:CaDSR6-sGFP leaves retained their water content and chlorophyll more efficiently than wild type leaves in response to dehydration stress. The expression of drought-induced marker genes, such as RD20, RD22, RD26, RD29A, RD29B, RAB18, KIN2, ABF3, and ABI5, was markedly increased in CaDSR6-overexpressing plants relative to wild type plants under both normal and drought conditions. These results suggest that overexpression of CaDSR6 is associated with increased levels of stress-induced genes, which, in turn, conferred a drought tolerant phenotype in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. Overall, our data suggest that CaDSR6 plays a positive role in the response to drought and salt stresses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kim, EY; Seo, YS; Park, KY; Kim, SJ; Kim, WT

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 552 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 146 - 154

PubMed ID

  • 25234727

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0038

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0378-1119

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.gene.2014.09.028

Language

  • eng