Prevalence of Abnormal Coronary Findings on Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography Among Young Adults Presenting With Chest Pain.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
PURPOSE: We evaluated the prevalence of coronary stenosis on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients aged 18 to 30 years, who presented to the emergency department with chest pain. We also examined the risk factors potentially associated with abnormal coronary findings on CCTA in this age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 884 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Indication for CCTA was guided by our hospital's chest pain protocol based on ACC/AHA guidelines. These were performed using the standard technique and interpreted based on CAD-RADS guidelines. Scans were identified as abnormal if atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial bridging (MB), or any anatomic coronary artery anomaly were present. RESULTS: Twenty-two percent of patients had a coronary abnormality on CCTA. The most common abnormality was MB (17.3%), followed by CAD (4.4%) and coronary anomalies (1.5%). A small minority had stenosis (2.8%), most commonly caused by CAD. Most cases with stenosis were minimal to mild (72%) with 0.8% having coronary stenosis ≥50%. Age and male sex were risk factors for both coronary artery stenosis (odds ratio: 1.32 and 4.50, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.69, and 1.23-16.46, P=0.028 and 0.023, respectively) and CAD (odds ratio: 1.52 and 3.67, 95% confidence interval: 1.14-2.04, and 1.26-10.66, P=0.005 and 0.017, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Epicardial coronary stenosis is rarely the cause of chest pain among young adult patients presenting to the emergency department. Age and male sex were both risk factors for coronary artery stenosis/disease in this age group.
- Burt, JR; O'Dell, MC; Yacoub, B; Chamberlin, J; Waltz, J; Wallace, C; Kocher, M; Sacerdote, M; Gonzalez, A; Feranec, N; Hernandez, M; Agha, A; Liu, B
- March 1, 2021
Volume / Issue
- 36 / 2
Start / End Page
- 116 - 121
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States