Development of an Administrative Data-Based Frailty Index for Older Adults Receiving Dialysis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Frailty is present in ≥50% of older adults receiving dialysis. Our objective was to a develop an administrative data-based frailty index and assess the frailty index's predictive validity for mortality and future hospitalizations. METHODS: We used United States Renal Data System data to establish two cohorts of adults aged ≥65 years, initiating dialysis in 2013 and in 2017. Using the 2013 cohort (development dataset), we applied the deficit accumulation index approach to develop a frailty index. Adjusting for age and sex, we assessed the extent to which the frailty index predicts the hazard of time until death and time until first hospitalization over 12 months. We assessed the Harrell's C-statistic of the frailty index, a comorbidity index, and jointly. The 2017 cohort was used as a validation dataset. RESULTS: Using the 2013 cohort (n=20,974), we identified 53 deficits for the frailty index across seven domains: disabilities, diseases, equipment, procedures, signs, tests, and unclassified. Among those with ≥1 deficit, the mean (SD) frailty index was 0.30 (0.13), range 0.02-0.72. Over 12 months, 18% (n=3842) died, and 55% (n=11,493) experienced a hospitalization. Adjusted hazard ratios for each 0.1-point increase in frailty index in models of time to death and time to first hospitalization were 1.41 (95% confidence interval, 1.37 to 1.44) and 1.33 (95% confidence interval, 1.31 to 1.35), respectively. For mortality, C-statistics for frailty index, comorbidity index, and both indices were 0.65, 0.65, and 0.66, respectively. For hospitalization, C-statistics for frailty index, comorbidity index, and both indices were 0.61, 0.60, and 0.61, respectively. Data from the 2017 cohort were similar. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a novel frailty index for older adults receiving dialysis. Further studies are needed to improve on this frailty index and validate its use for clinical and research applications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hall, RK; Morton, S; Wilson, J; Kim, DH; Colón-Emeric, C; Scialla, JJ; Platt, A; Ephraim, PL; Boulware, LE; Pendergast, J

Published Date

  • September 29, 2022

Published In

  • Kidney360

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1566 - 1577

PubMed ID

  • 36245660

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9528369

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2641-7650

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.34067/KID.0000032022

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States