Ultrasound-Accelerated, Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis for Submassive Pulmonary Embolism: Single-Center Retrospective Review with Intermediate-Term Outcomes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To evaluate ultrasound-accelerated, catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for treatment of acute submassive pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study included patients who underwent CDT for acute submassive PE (N = 113, 52% men/48% women) from 2013 to 2017. Baseline characteristics included history of deep venous thrombosis (12%), history of PE (6%), and history of cancer (18%). Of cohort patients, 88% (n=99) had a simplified PE severity index score of ≥ 1 indicating a high risk of mortality. RESULTS: A technical success rate of 100% was achieved with 84% of patients having bilateral catheter placements. Average tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) therapy duration was 20.7 hours ± 1.5, and median tPA dose was 21.5 mg. Three patients (2.6%) experienced minor hemorrhagic complications. Mean hospital length of stay was 6 days. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure decreased from 55 mm Hg on presentation to 37 mm Hg (P < .01) 1 day following initiation of thrombolytic therapy. All-cause mortality rate of 4% (n = 4) was noted on discharge, which increased to 6% (n = 7) at 6 months. At 6-month follow-up compared with initial presentation, symptom improvements (93%), physiologic improvements (heart rate 72 beats/min vs 106 beats/min, P < .01), oxygen requirement improvements (fraction of inspired oxygen 20% vs 28%, P < .01), and right ventricular systolic pressure improvements by echocardiography (30 mm Hg vs 47 mm Hg, P < .01) were observed. CONCLUSIONS: CDT for acute submassive PE was associated with low complications and mortality, decreased right ventricular systolic pressure, high rates of clinical improvement, and improved intermediate-term clinical outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Makary, MS; Fogler, BD; Dube, PP; Flanders, VL; Natarajan, K; Garcia-Cortes, R; Foster, T; Dowell, JD

Published Date

  • March 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 438 - 443

PubMed ID

  • 31982316

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-7732

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvir.2019.11.008


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States