BAYESIAN SEMIPARAMETRIC LONG MEMORY MODELS FOR DISCRETIZED EVENT DATA
We introduce a new class of semiparametric latent variable models for long memory discretized event data. The proposed methodology is motivated by a study of bird vocalizations in the Amazon rain forest; the timings of vocalizations exhibit self-similarity and long range dependence. This rules out Poisson process based models where the rate function itself is not long range dependent. The proposed class of FRActional Probit (FRAP) models is based on thresholding, a latent process. This latent process is modeled by a smooth Gaussian process and a fractional Brownian motion by assuming an additive structure. We develop a Bayesian approach to inference using Markov chain Monte Carlo and show good performance in simulation studies. Applying the methods to the Amazon bird vocalization data, we find substantial evidence for self-similarity and non-Markovian/Poisson dynamics. To accommodate the bird vocalization data in which there are many different species of birds exhibiting their own vocalization dynamics, a hierarchical expansion of FRAP is provided in the Supplementary Material.
Chakraborty, A; Ovaskainen, O; Dunson, DB
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