Evoked potentials generated by deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this review is to describe the general features, mechanisms, technical recording factors, and clinical applications of brain evoked potentials (EPs) generated by deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease (PD). RESULTS: Evoked potentials in response to DBS pulses occur on the timescale of milliseconds and are found both locally at the site of stimulation and remotely in the cortex. DBS evoked potentials arise from a complex integration of antidromic and orthodromic conduction pathway responses, and provide information valuable for understanding the mechanisms and circuits involved in symptom treatment. Furthermore, these signals may provide biomarkers for improving DBS outcomes and function. For example, evoked potentials may have utility as control signals for DBS programming or adaptive DBS. Despite their promise there are still critical gaps in our understanding of the mechanisms by which evoked potentials arise and how these signals may be measured and applied in the clinical setting. Technical challenges of recording a highly transient signal at sufficient resolution without the interference of stimulation artifact present a barrier to understanding better DBS-induced EPs. CONCLUSIONS: We describe the current scientific landscape of evoked potentials to facilitate and stimulate further investigation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dale, J; Schmidt, SL; Mitchell, K; Turner, DA; Grill, WM

Published Date

  • July 31, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1040 - 1047

PubMed ID

  • 35921959

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-4754

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.brs.2022.07.048

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States