Comparison of computed tomography and 3D magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating glenohumeral instability bone loss.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: To determine whether the addition of 3-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to standard MRI sequences is comparable to 3D computed tomographic (CT) scan evaluation of glenoid and humeral bone loss in glenohumeral instability. METHODS: Eighteen patients who presented with glenohumeral instability were prospectively enrolled and received both MRI and CT within 1 week of each other. The MRI included an additional sequence (volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination [VIBE]) that underwent postprocessing for reformations. The addition of a VIBE protocol, on average, is an additional 4-4.5 minutes in the scanner. CT data also underwent 3D postprocessing, and therefore each patient had 4 imaging modalities (2D CT, 2D MRI, 3D CT reformats, and 3D MRI reformats). Each sequence underwent the following measurements from 2 separate reviewers: glenoid defect, glenoid defect percentage, humeral defect, humeral defect percentage, and evaluation of glenoid track and version. Paired t tests were used to assess differences between imaging modalities and χ2 for glenoid track. Intra- and interobserver reliability were evaluated. Bland-Altman tests were also performed to assess the agreement between CT and MRI. In addition, we determined the cost of each imaging modality at our institution. RESULTS: 3D MRI measurements for glenoid and humeral bone loss measurements were comparable to 3D CT (Table 1). There were no significant differences for glenoid defect size and percentage, or humeral defect size and percentage (P > .05) (Table 2). Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated strong agreement, with small measurement errors for 3D CT and 3D MRI percentage glenoid bone loss. There was also no difference in evaluation for determining on vs. off track between any of the imaging modalities. Inter- and intrarater reliability was good to excellent for all CT and MRI measurements (r ≥ 0.7). CONCLUSION: 3D MRI measurements for bone loss in glenohumeral instability through use of VIBE sequence were equivalent to 3D CT. At our institution, undergoing MRI with 3D reconstruction was 1.67 times cheaper than MRI and CT with 3D reconstructions. 3D MRI may be a useful adjuvant to standard MRI sequences to allow concurrent soft tissue and accurate assessment of glenoid and humeral bone loss in glenohumeral instability.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lander, ST; Liles, JL; Kim, BI; Taylor, DC; Lau, BC

Published Date

  • November 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2217 - 2224

PubMed ID

  • 35931334

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-6500

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jse.2022.06.015


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States