Prognostic Impact of Coronary Flow Reserve in Patients With Reduced Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.

Journal Article (Multicenter Study;Journal Article)

Background Intracoronary physiologic indexes such as coronary flow reserve (CFR) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have been regarded as prognostic indicators in patients with coronary artery disease. The current study evaluated the association between intracoronary physiologic indexes and LVEF and their differential prognostic implications in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods and Results A total of 1889 patients with 2492 vessels with available CFR and LVEF were selected from an international multicenter prospective registry. Baseline physiologic indexes were measured by thermodilution or Doppler methods and LVEF was recorded at the index procedure. The primary outcome was target vessel failure, which was a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically driven target vessel revascularization over 5 years of follow-up. Patients with reduced LVEF <50% (162 patients [8.6%], 202 vessels [8.1%]) showed a similar degree of epicardial coronary artery disease but lower CFR values than those with preserved LVEF (2.4±1.2 versus 2.7±1.2, P <0.001), mainly driven by the increased resting coronary flow. Conversely, hyperemic coronary flow, fractional flow reserve, and the degree of microvascular dysfunction were similar between the 2 groups. Reduced CFR (≤2.0) was seen in 613 patients (32.5%) with 771 vessels (30.9%). Reduced CFR was an independent predictor for target vessel failure (hazard ratio, 2.081 [95% CI, 1.385-3.126], P <0.001), regardless of LVEF. Conclusions CFR was lower in patients with reduced LVEF because of increased resting coronary flow. Patients with reduced CFR showed a significantly higher risk of target vessel failure than did those with preserved CFR, regardless of LVEF. Registration URL:; Unique identifier: NCT04485234.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Joh, HS; Shin, D; Lee, JM; Lee, SH; Hong, D; Choi, KH; Hwang, D; Boerhout, CKM; de Waard, GA; Jung, J-H; Mejia-Renteria, H; Hoshino, M; Echavarria-Pinto, M; Meuwissen, M; Matsuo, H; Madera-Cambero, M; Eftekhari, A; Effat, MA; Murai, T; Marques, K; Doh, J-H; Christiansen, EH; Banerjee, R; Kim, HK; Nam, C-W; Niccoli, G; Nakayama, M; Tanaka, N; Shin, E-S; Chamuleau, SAJ; van Royen, N; Knaapen, P; Koo, BK; Kakuta, T; Escaned, J; Piek, JJ; van de Hoef, TP; ILIAS Registry Investigators [Link],

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 15

Start / End Page

  • e025841 -

PubMed ID

  • 35876408

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9375477

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2047-9980

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2047-9980

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/jaha.122.025841


  • eng