Association of optical cataract indices with cataract severity and visual function.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between subjective and optical measurements used during cataract evaluation, including the iTrace Dysfunctional Lens Index (DLI), the HD Analyzer Objective Scatter Index (OSI), Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III), Visual Function-14 Questionnaire (VF-14), and the Pelli-Robson Contrast Sensitivity Chart (PRCSC). METHODS: Seventy eyes from 70 patients were enrolled, including all stages of age-related nuclear cataracts. The LOCS III-NO with a cutoff of 3.2 was chosen to divide the population into two groups. Eyes with corneal or retinal pathology were excluded. All patients were evaluated with the iTrace's DLI, HD Analyzer's OSI, LOCS III, VF-14, and the PRCSC during each follow-up visit. Correlation analyses were performed using Stata software, version 14.0, StataCorp. RESULTS: The LOCS III-NO, DLI, OSI, and VF-14 questionnaire each correlated moderately with the BCVA with a Spearman rho value of 0.37, - 0.45, 0.40, and - 0.35, respectively. The DLI correlated moderately with LOCS III-NO with a rho value of - 0.37 and with the VF-14 questionnaire with a rho value of 0.35. The OSI correlated with both the contrast sensitivity and DLI with a rho value of - 0.35 and - 0.55, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The DLI correlated with cataract symptoms (measured by the VF-14 questionnaire) in addition to BCVA. The OSI correlated moderately with contrast sensitivity and BCVA. The highest correlation was between DLI and OSI.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • de Souza, RG; Golla, A; Khan, M; de Oca, IM; Khandelwal, S; Al-Mohtaseb, Z

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 27 - 33

PubMed ID

  • 34378173

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2630

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10792-021-01995-8


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands