Syphilis in Children.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Syphilis, caused by Treponema pallidum, is transmitted both sexually and transplacentally. Untreated syphilis is a progressive disease that may result in death or disability in children and adults. Syphilis diagnosis requires 2-stage serologic testing for nontreponemal and treponemal antibodies. Congenital syphilis diagnosis requires careful review of maternal testing and treatment, comparison of maternal and neonatal nontreponemal antibody titers, and clinical evaluation of the neonate. In this review, we present the current epidemiology of syphilis, and the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management of syphilis as they relate to pediatric practice, specifically, congenital syphilis and acquired syphilis in adolescents and pregnant women.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heston, S; Arnold, S

Published Date

  • March 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 129 - 144

PubMed ID

  • 29406973

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-9824

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.idc.2017.11.007


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States