Characterization of Plasma Immunoglobulin G Responses in Elite Neutralizers of Human Cytomegalovirus.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the most common infectious complication of organ transplantation and cause of birth defects worldwide. There are limited therapeutic options and no licensed vaccine to prevent HCMV infection or disease. To inform development of HCMV antibody-based interventions, a previous study identified individuals with potent and broad plasma HCMV-neutralizing activity, termed elite neutralizers (ENs), from a cohort of HCMV-seropositive (SP) blood donors. However, the specificities and functions of plasma antibodies associated with EN status remained undefined. METHODS: We sought to determine the plasma antibody specificities, breadth, and Fc-mediated antibody effector functions associated with the most potent HCMV-neutralizing responses in plasma from ENs (n = 25) relative to that from SP donors (n = 19). We measured antibody binding against various HCMV strains and glycoprotein targets and evaluated Fc-mediated effector functions, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP). RESULTS: We demonstrate that ENs have elevated immunoglobulin G binding responses against multiple viral glycoproteins, relative to SP donors. Our study also revealed potent HCMV-specific antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis activity of plasma from ENs. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that antibody responses against multiple glycoprotein specificities may be needed to achieve potent plasma neutralization and that potently HCMV elite-neutralizing plasma antibodies can also mediate polyfunctional responses.
- Harnois, MJ; Dennis, M; Stöhr, D; Valencia, SM; Rodgers, N; Semmes, EC; Webster, HS; Jenks, JA; Barfield, R; Pollara, J; Chan, C; Sinzger, C; Permar, SR
- November 1, 2022
Volume / Issue
- 226 / 9
Start / End Page
- 1667 - 1677
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States