The role of platelets in heat-related illness and heat-induced coagulopathy.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Heat-related illness is becoming more problematic due to ongoing global warming. Heat-related injury causes systemic inflammation and coagulopathy, due to leukocyte, platelet, and vascular endothelial cell activation and injury. Hyperthermia directly modulates platelet function and can induce cellular damage. Meanwhile, heat also affects platelet function via activated coagulation, excess inflammation, production of cytokines, and heat shock proteins. Aberrant hyperthermia-induced interactions between leukocytes and endothelial cells are also involved in platelet regulation. Heat-induced coagulopathy commonly progresses to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), leading to multiple organ failure and in some cases enhanced bleeding. Consequently, platelet count, prothrombin time, and DIC score are useful for evaluating the severity of heat-related illness in addition to other organ damage markers such as Glasgow Coma Scale, creatinine, and bilirubin. Despite the increasing risk, therapeutic modalities targeting platelets are limited and no established therapy exists. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the role of platelets in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of heat-related illness.
- Iba, T; Helms, J; Levi, M; Levy, JH
- August 17, 2022
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States