Outcomes of Femoropopliteal Bypass for Lifestyle-Limiting Claudication in the Endovascular Era.
INTRODUCTION: Outcomes after femoropopliteal bypass for intermittent claudication (IC) remain unclear in the endovascular era. METHODS: A multi-institutional database was retrospectively queried for all femoropopliteal bypass procedures performed between 1995 and 2020. Demographics, operative details, and outcomes were documented. A statistical analysis included Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards ratios (HR). RESULTS: A total of 282 patients underwent femoropopliteal bypass surgery for IC. Median age was 68 y (interquartile range, 61-73 y). Bypass conduits included great saphenous vein (GSV) (48.2%), prosthetic grafts (48.9%), and non-GSV autogenous grafts (2.8%). Distal bypass target was above-knee in 62.1% and below-knee in 37.9% of patients. The most common postoperative complications were wound infections (14.2%) followed by unplanned 30-d hospital readmissions (12.4%). Mortality rates were low at 0.4% (30 d) and 3.2% (1 y). Five-year primary patency rates trended highest for claudicants undergoing above-knee bypass with GSV conduit (log-rank P = 0.065). Five-year amputation-free survival rates were highest using GSV conduit regardless of distal bypass target (log-rank P = 0.017). On a multivariable analysis, age (HR 1.02 [1.00-1.04], P = 0.023) and active smoking (HR 1.48 [1.06-2.06], P = 0.021) were identified as risk factors for diminished primary graft patency. Risk factors for amputation-free survival included age (HR 1.03 [1.01-1.05], P < 0.001) and GSV conduit type (HR 0.65 [0.46-0.90], P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Femoropopliteal bypass among claudicants is associated with high rates of wound infection and hospital readmission. Active smoking portends worse outcomes in this population. These data may inform clinical decision-making regarding surgical intervention for claudication in the endovascular era.
Kim, Y; Thangappan, K; DeCarlo, CS; Jessula, S; Majumdar, M; Patel, SS; Zacharias, N; Mohapatra, A; Dua, A
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