Top Stack Optimization for Cu2BaSn(S, Se)4 Photovoltaic Cell Leads to Improved Device Power Conversion Efficiency beyond 6%
Earth-abundant and air-stable Cu2BaSnS4−xSex (CBTSSe) and related thin-film absorbers are regarded as prospective options to meet the increasing demand for low-cost solar cell deployment. Devices based on vacuum-deposited CBTSSe absorbers have achieved record power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.2% based on a conventional device structure using CdS buffer and i-ZnO/indium tin oxide (ITO) window layers, with open-circuit voltage (VOC) posing the major bottleneck for improving solar cell performance. The current study demonstrates a >20% improvement in VOC (from 0.62 to 0.75 V) and corresponding enhancement in PCE (from 5.1% to 6.2% without antireflection coating; to 6.5% with MgF2 antireflection coating) for solution-deposited CBTSSe solar cells. This performance improvement is realized by introducing an alternative successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction-deposited Zn1−xCdxS buffer combined with sputtered Zn1−xMgxO/Al-doped ZnO window/top contact layer, which offers lower electron affinities relative to the conventional CdS/i-ZnO/ITO stack and better matching with the low electron affinity of CBTSSe. A combined experimental (temperature- and light intensity-dependent VOC measurements) and device simulation (SCAPS-1D) evaluation points to the importance of addressing relative band offsets for both the buffer and window layers relative to the absorber in mitigating interfacial recombination and optimizing CBTSSe solar cell performance.
Teymur, B; Kim, Y; Huang, J; Sun, K; Hao, X; Mitzi, DB
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)