Capillary Water in 2-D Drying-Cracking Soil Sub-Grain Models: Morphology and Kinematics of Evaporation and Haines Jumps
Morphing of capillary water during the drying of a cluster of three wet grains is imaged and measured. The uniqueness of the tests is in the grains being long cylinders to make the system as close to a 2-D one as possible. In this way, the Laplace pressure depends on the only one curvature of the meniscus, which can easily be followed and is continuously image processed. The motion of liquid/gas interface, and its rate, as well as of contact angle and perimeter, are also monitored. The drying water body has been known to undergo two modes of re-morphing: a slow, evaporation rate-controlled one and a fast, inertia-driven instabilities of the interfaces. Two particular forms of dynamic re-morphing are being followed: one, called classically an “air entry,” which is a meniscus jump before its approaching the throat between the top and a bottom grain and another jump of the bottom contact, with a splitting of the meniscus into two between only two of the three grains. Associated dynamic variables, capillary pressure, and surface tension forces developing prior to and in conjunction with the instabilities of the menisci are presented in a companion paper by Hueckel et al. (2022, https://doi.org/10.1029/2022WR031938).
Mielniczuk, B; Hueckel, T
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