Oncological and functional outcomes of men undergoing primary whole gland cryoablation of the prostate: A 20-year experience.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: This study reports the oncological and functional outcomes in men with localized prostate cancer (Pca) who were treated with primary whole gland cryoablation (WGC) of the prostate. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed their prospectively collected cryosurgery database between January 2002 and September 2019 for men who were treated with WGC of the prostate at a tertiary referral center. Primary outcome includes biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS). Secondary outcomes include failure-free survival (FFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS) and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 260 men were included in the study. Men having had prior treatment for Pca were excluded. Median follow-up was 107 months (interquartile range [IQR], 68.3-132.5 months). BRFS, FFS, and MFS at 10 years were 84%, 66%, and 96%, respectively. High risk D'Amico classification was associated with a lower BRFS and FFS on multivariable analysis. No patient had any Pca-related death during follow-up. American Urological Association symptoms score and bother index were unchanged following cryoablation. Median International Index of Erectile Function score precryoablation and post-cryoablation was 7 (IQR, 3-11) and 1 (IQR, 1-5), respectively. Stress urinary incontinence, defined as requiring any protective pads only occurred in five patients (2%). No patient developed a fistula. Grade > 2 Clavien-Dindo adverse events occurred in six (2.3%) patients. CONCLUSION: WGC of the prostate can achieve excellent oncological and functional outcomes in men with localized Pca at the 10-year mark. Primary WGC may be a good option for men who desire to preserve urinary continence and have an excellent oncologic outcome. LAY SUMMARY: Primary whole gland cryoablation is an alternative treatment option to radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy for men with organ-confined prostate cancer. Patients had excellent cancer outcomes 1 years after whole gland cryoablation, and patients with PSA nadir 0.1 ng/ml or lower after treatment were less likely to have disease recurrence.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tan, WP; Kotamarti, S; Chen, E; Mahle, R; Arcot, R; Chang, A; Ayala, A; Michael, Z; Seguier, D; Polascik, TJ

Published Date

  • November 1, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 21

Start / End Page

  • 3824 - 3830

PubMed ID

  • 36107496

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0142

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cncr.34458


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States