A link between endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced β-cell apoptosis and the group VIA Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2β).

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is becoming recognized as an important contributing factor in various diseases, including diabetes mellitus. Prolonged ER stress can cause β-cell apoptosis; however, the underlying mechanism(s) that contribute to this process are not well understood. Early reports suggested that arachidonic acid metabolites and a Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) activity play a role in β-cell apoptosis. The PLA(2) family of enzymes catalyse the hydrolysis of the sn-2 substituent (i.e. arachidonic acid) of membrane phospholipids. In light of our findings that the pancreatic islet β-cells are enriched in arachidonate-containing phospholipids and express the group VIA iPLA(2)β, we considered the possibility that iPLA(2)β participates in ER stress-induced β-cell apoptosis. Our work revealed a novel mechanism, involving ceramide generation and triggering of mitochondrial abnormalities, by which iPLA(2)β participates in the β-cell apoptosis process. Here, we review our evidence linking ER stress, β-cell apoptosis and iPLA(2)β. Continued studies in this area will increase our understanding of the contribution of iPLA(2)β to the evolution of diabetes mellitus and will further our knowledge of factors that influence β-cell health in diabetes mellitus and identify potential targets for future therapeutic interventions to prevent β-cell death.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lei, X; Zhang, S; Emani, B; Barbour, SE; Ramanadham, S

Published Date

  • October 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 Suppl 2 /

Start / End Page

  • 93 - 98

PubMed ID

  • 21029305

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3713613

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1463-1326

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2010.01270.x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England