Bimetallic Gold Nanostars Having High Aspect Ratio Spikes for Sensitive Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Sensing.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

There has been increasing interest in evolution of plasmonic nanoplatforms based on noble metal nanoparticles to achieve ultrasensitive detection of trace analyte molecules through solution-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). This work presents a surfactant-free synthesis method of bimetallic gold nanostars coated with silver (BGNS-Ag) having sharp, high aspect-ratio spikes for achieving ultrahigh detection sensitivity and high reproducibility. Specifically, the unique BGNS-Ag platform combines both the strong SERS enhancement effects of gold nanostar sharp spikes and the high scattering feature of the silver-gold bimetallic structure. To achieve SERS reproducibility, this solution-based SERS measurement requires minimal sample preparation without addition of any external reagents, which can cause irregular aggregation of nanoparticles and reduce the reproducibility of SERS measurements. Moreover, we have streamlined our SERS sensing procedure by using standard well-plates and a portable Raman device for SERS measurements, which could be utilized for rapid on-site detection. This solution-based SERS performance was studied using methylene blue (MB) as a model analyte system. The detection limit of MB was as low as 42 pM, indicating high sensitivity of detection using BGNS-Ag. To illustrate the usefulness for environmental sensing, we showed that the SERS sensor can detect a pesticide, thiram, at a concentration as low as 0.8 nM. This study demonstrated that the BGNS-Ag system could serve as an effective and versatile plasmonic-active platform for reproducible, fast, and in-field detection of small organic analytes at trace levels.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Atta, S; Vo-Dinh, T

Published Date

  • September 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 12562 - 12570

PubMed ID

  • 36185168

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9513749

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2574-0970

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2574-0970

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acsanm.2c02234


  • eng