Impact of Label Noise on the Learning Based Models for a Binary Classification of Physiological Signal.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Label noise is omnipresent in the annotations process and has an impact on supervised learning algorithms. This work focuses on the impact of label noise on the performance of learning models by examining the effect of random and class-dependent label noise on a binary classification task: quality assessment for photoplethysmography (PPG). PPG signal is used to detect physiological changes and its quality can have a significant impact on the subsequent tasks, which makes PPG quality assessment a particularly good target for examining the impact of label noise in the field of biomedicine. Random and class-dependent label noise was introduced separately into the training set to emulate the errors associated with fatigue and bias in labeling data samples. We also tested different representations of the PPG, including features defined by domain experts, 1D raw signal and 2D image. Three different classifiers are tested on the noisy training data, including support vector machine (SVM), XGBoost, 1D Resnet and 2D Resnet, which handle three representations, respectively. The results showed that the two deep learning models were more robust than the two traditional machine learning models for both the random and class-dependent label noise. From the representation perspective, the 2D image shows better robustness compared to the 1D raw signal. The logits from three classifiers are also analyzed, the predicted probabilities intend to be more dispersed when more label noise is introduced. From this work, we investigated various factors related to label noise, including representations, label noise type, and data imbalance, which can be a good guidebook for designing more robust methods for label noise in future work.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ding, C; Pereira, T; Xiao, R; Lee, RJ; Hu, X

Published Date

  • September 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 19

Start / End Page

  • 7166 -

PubMed ID

  • 36236265

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9572105

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1424-8220

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1424-8220

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/s22197166


  • eng