Does senescence play a role in age-related macular degeneration?

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Advanced age is the most established risk factor for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one of the leading causes of visual impairment in the elderly, in Western and developed countries. Similarly, after middle age, there is an exponential increase in pathologic molecular and cellular events that can induce senescence, traditionally defined as an irreversible loss of the cells' ability to divide and most recently reported to also occur in select post-mitotic and terminally differentiated cells, such as neurons. Together these facts raise the question as to whether or not cellular senescence, may play a role in the development of AMD. A number of studies have reported the effect of ocular-relevant inducers of senescence using primarily in vitro models of poorly polarized, actively dividing retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell lines. However, in interpretating the data, the fidelity of these culture models to the RPE in vivo, must be considered. Fewer studies have explored the presence and/or impact of senescent cells in in vivo models that present with phenotypic features of AMD, leaving this an open field for further investigation. The goal of this review is to discuss current thoughts on the potential role of senescence in AMD development and progression, with consideration of the model systems used and their relevance to human disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Malek, G; Campisi, J; Kitazawa, K; Webster, C; Lakkaraju, A; Skowronska-Krawczyk, D

Published Date

  • December 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 225 /

Start / End Page

  • 109254 -

PubMed ID

  • 36150544

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC10032649

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.exer.2022.109254


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England