Naltrexone disposition in man after subcutaneous administration.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The metabolism, excretion, and pharmacokinetics of [15,16-3H2]naltrexone were studied in six human males after sc administration of the hydrochloride salt. Biological fluids were analyzed by a combination of high performance liquid chromatography with liquid scintillation measurement of radioactivity. After administration, naltrexone was rapidly absorbed into the systemic circulation. The mean absorption rate constant was 0.091 +/- 0.008 min-1 (half-life of 7.6 min). In general the metabolic, excretory, and pharmacokinetic patterns for naltrexone were similar to those observed after iv administration of naltrexone to man. The terminal phase plasma rate constant was 0.413 +/- 0.035 hr-1 (half-life of 1.68 hr) for parent drug and 0.0786 +/- 0.0090 hr-1 (half-life of 8.8 hr) for the major metabolite, 6 beta-naltrexone. An average of 76 +/- 6% (+/- SD) of the total radioactivity was recovered in the urine within 72 hr after administration. Naltrexone was found in the urine in both the free (3.4 +/- 0.8% of dose) and conjugated (6.8 +/- 2.1% of dose) form. 6 beta-Naltrexol was present in urine largely in the unconjugated form (28 +/- 7% of dose) but the conjugated form was also found (12 +/- 3% of dose).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wall, ME; Perez-Reyes, M; Brine, DR; Cook, CE

Published Date

  • 1984

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 677 - 682

PubMed ID

  • 6150815

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-9556


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States