Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in the elderly: scope of the problem.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is the most common form of heart failure (HF) in older adults, particularly women, and is increasing in prevalence as the population ages. With morbidity and mortality on par with HF with reduced ejection fraction, it remains a most challenging clinical syndrome for the practicing clinician and basic research scientist. Originally considered to be predominantly caused by diastolic dysfunction, more recent insights indicate that HFpEF in older persons is typified by a broad range of cardiac and non-cardiac abnormalities and reduced reserve capacity in multiple organ systems. The globally reduced reserve capacity is driven by: 1) inherent age-related changes; 2) multiple, concomitant co-morbidities; 3) HFpEF itself, which is likely a systemic disorder. These insights help explain why: 1) co-morbidities are among the strongest predictors of outcomes; 2) approximately 50% of clinical events in HFpEF patients are non-cardiovascular; 3) clinical drug trials in HFpEF have been negative on their primary outcomes. Embracing HFpEF as a true geriatric syndrome, with complex, multi-factorial pathophysiology and clinical heterogeneity could provide new mechanistic insights and opportunities for progress in management. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled CV Aging.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Upadhya, B; Taffet, GE; Cheng, CP; Kitzman, DW

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 /

Start / End Page

  • 73 - 87

PubMed ID

  • 25754674

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5300019

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-8584

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.02.025


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England