MO094: Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering and Myocardial Fibrosis Biomarkers in Individuals With and Without CKD: Results From the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (Sprint)

Conference Paper

Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS Circulating cardiac biomarkers implicated in the pathogenesis of heart disease may provide a non-invasive, more precise assessment of cardiovascular risk. In the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), intensive blood pressure lowering was associated with a 25% reduction in cardiovascular events and a 27% reduction in all-cause mortality. We sought to assess whether the beneficial effect of lowering systolic blood pressure on clinical outcomes was accompanied by a reduction in serum biomarkers of myocardial fibrosis. METHOD SPRINT, a multicenter randomized controlled trial conducted in the United States, enrolled participants aged ≥ 50 years, at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and randomized them to intensive systolic blood pressure lowering (target < 120 mmHg) or standard blood pressure lowering (target < 140 mmHg). In a randomly selected subgroup of SPRINT participants, myocardial fibrosis was assessed by two collagen-derived serum peptides, C-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I (CICP) and N-terminal propeptide of procollagen type 3 (P3NP) and Galectin 3 measured at study baseline and at 24 months follow-up. Chronic kidney disease was defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Analyses were based on linear mixed models including clinic site as a random effect, with adjustments for treatment group and baseline level of each respective biomarker. RESULTS A total of 742 SPRINT participants with and without CKD with available measurements of myocardial fibrosis biomarkers at study baseline and 24 months were included in the study. The median (IQR) Galectin 3, CICP and P3NP levels at study baseline and 24 months follow-up in the intensive versus standard group are presented in the Table 1. Intensive blood pressure lowering was not associated with longitudinal changes in CICP or P3NP (Table 1 and Figure 1). Intensive blood pressure lowering was associated with a statistically significant increase in Galectin 3 level [between group mean difference 0.47 (IQR: 0.03–0.92) ng/mL, P = 0.04]. All of the findings were generally consistent across participants with and without CKD (Table 1). CONCLUSION In a random sample of SPRINT participants, intensive versus standard blood pressure lowering was not associated with a reduction in circulating myocardial fibrosis biomarkers overtime in hypertensive individuals with and without CKD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Aparna, F; Pajewski, N; Kitzman, D; Upadhya, B; Killeen, A; Rajagopalan, S; Wright, J; Rahman, M; Dobre, M

Published Date

  • May 3, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / Supplement_3

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2385

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0931-0509

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ndt/gfac133.015