May-Thurner Anatomy in Patients With Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: An Important Clinical Association.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of May-Thurner anatomy (MTA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and identify its predictors. BACKGROUND: MTA is an anatomical variant characterized by compression of left common iliac vein by the overlying right iliac artery. Over time, this leads to venous intimal scarring, blood flow stasis, and the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT is a known risk factor for the development of CTEPH. The prevalence of this anatomical variation in patients with CTEPH is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted in patients referred to Temple University Hospital's cardiac catheterization laboratory for the evaluation of CTEPH between January 2016 and June 2020. Among these patients, those who underwent invasive venography were evaluated for the presence of angiographic MTA. Multivariate regression was used to identify factors associated with presence of MTA. RESULTS: A total of 193 patients with CTEPH were referred for pulmonary angiography, of whom 148 patients underwent invasive venography. MTA was identified in 44 patients (29.7%). Factors associated with the presence of MTA were lower extremity DVT (odds ratio: 3.5; 95% confidence interval: 1.58-7.8; P = 0.002), and left lower extremity post-thrombotic syndrome (odds ratio: 2.0; 95% confidence interval: 0.98-4.1; P = 0.05). Patients with MTA were more likely to undergo pulmonary thromboendarterectomy than patients without MTA (79.5% vs 58.7%; P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: MTA is very common in patients with CTEPH. History of lower extremity DVT and or left lower extremity post-thrombotic syndrome was associated with the presence of MTA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Al-Otaibi, M; Vaidy, A; Vaidya, A; Zlotshewer, B; Oliveros, E; Zhao, H; Lakhter, V; Auger, WR; Forfia, PR; Bashir, R

Published Date

  • September 13, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 1940 - 1946

PubMed ID

  • 34503745

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-7605

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jcin.2021.06.042


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States