Evaluation of Routine Coronary Angiography Before Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: At the University of California, San Diego, routine coronary angiography has generally been performed in men 40 years of age and older and women 45 years of age and older before pulmonary thromboendarterectomy for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The prevalence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in this population has not been evaluated, however, and the optimal screening strategy has not been established. This study sought to evaluate whether the current approach may be better optimized on the basis of cardiac risk factors. METHODS: This study included 462 consecutive patients with CTEPH who were undergoing preoperative coronary angiography for pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. Baseline demographic and medical information was recorded. Major cardiac risk factors included: diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, body mass index 25 kg/m2 or greater, tobacco use, and family history of CAD. Charts were then reviewed for presence of significant CAD and revascularization. RESULTS: Significant CAD was found in 13.4% of patients who underwent routine preoperative coronary angiography; it was present in only 5% of patients younger than 50 years of age, compared with 16% of patients 50 years old and older. No patient younger than 50 years of age without cardiac risk factors was found to have significant CAD. Furthermore, in patients younger than 50 years of age, significant CAD was found only among those with 3 or more major risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: In patients younger than 50 years of age with CTEPH, the prevalence of significant CAD was low. Omitting preoperative coronary angiography in this subset of patients is reasonable when no coronary risk factors are present. Preoperative coronary angiography is warranted in individuals 50 years of age and older, as well as in those younger than 50 years who have significant risk factors for CAD.
- Pandey, AK; Lee, NS; Marsal, J; Knowlton, KU; McDivit, AM; Blanchard, DG; Pretorius, V; Madani, MM; Fedullo, PF; Kerr, KM; Kim, NH; Fernandes, TM; Poch, DS; Auger, WR; Daniels, LB
- May 1, 2021
Volume / Issue
- 111 / 5
Start / End Page
- 1703 - 1709
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)