Atrial arrhythmias after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atrial arrhythmias (AAs) are common after cardiac surgeries including pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE). This study was done to identify patients at highest risk of developing post-PTE AA and their length of stay (LOS). METHODS: We reviewed 521 consecutive patients referred to University of California San Diego (UCSD) for PTE and examined their demographics as well as their baseline pulmonary hemodynamics to determine risk factors for AA. RESULTS: Overall, 24.2% of patients developed an AA after PTE. Patients who developed AA had a significantly longer Intensive Care Unit (ICU) LOS (median: 5 vs 3 days, P < 0.001) and postoperative LOS (median: 14 vs 9 days; P < 0.001). Patients who developed AA were more frequently male (63.2% male, P = 0.003), older (mean age 60.8 vs 50.7 years, P < 0.001), had a prior history of atrial fibrillation (80.2% of those who developed AA) and were more likely to have undergone concomitant Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (12.7% vs 6.6%, P = 0.028). Compared to those who did not develop AA, the cardiopulmonary bypass time was longer among those who developed AA (261.6 vs 253.8 minutes, P = 0.027). In a multivariate logistic regression model, the preoperative variables that predicted AA were age (odds ratio [OR], 1.058 per year, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.038-1.078), male sex (OR, 1.68, 95% CI: 1.06-2.64), prior AA (OR, 2.52, 95% CI: 1.23-5.15) and baseline right atrial pressure (OR, 1.039 per mm Hg, 95% CI: 1.000-1.079). While mortality rates were similar, patients who developed AA had more bleeding complications and more postoperative delirium. CONCLUSIONS: AA is common after PTE surgery. The strongest risk factors for AA after PTE included the previous history of AA, age and male sex. Development of AA was associated with longer lengths of stay and more postoperative complications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Farasat, S; Papamatheakis, DG; Poch, DS; Higgins, J; Pretorius, VG; Madani, MM; Auger, WR; Kerr, KM; Fernandes, TM

Published Date

  • May 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 312 - 317

PubMed ID

  • 30908728

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1540-8191

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jocs.14028


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States