Accuracy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography in chronic thromboembolic disease.
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the accuracy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in demonstrating the findings of chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (CPTE) compared with conventional pulmonary angiography. METHODS: We examined 18 patients with CPTE proved by conventional pulmonary angiography and 16 healthy control patients. T1-weighted and single-breathhold, two-dimensional multiplanar spoiled gradient-recalled pulmonary images were obtained after injection of gadopentetate dimeglumine. Images were interpreted independently by two radiologists. RESULTS: All patients with CPTE were identified on MR angiography images by both readers. Sensitivity and specificity for MR angiography in diagnosing abnormal segments were 76% and 95% for reader 1 and 68% and 93% for reader 2, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity for MR angiography in depicting abnormal lobes were 83% and 96% for reader 1 and 82% and 93% for reader 2, respectively. Interobserver agreement was high; kappas for abnormal segments and abnormal lobes were .72 and .84, respectively. The T1-weighted spin-echo images demonstrated a mosaic signal intensity pattern in all patients with CPTE. CONCLUSION: Contrast-enhanced MR angiography accurately depicts abnormal segments and lobes in occlusive vascular disease and clearly distinguishes between patients with CPTE and those with healthy lungs.
Wolff, K; Bergin, CJ; King, MA; Ghadishah, E; Sung, DW; Clopton, P; Bookstein, JJ; Auger, WR; Moser, KM
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