Constitutive proteasome-mediated turnover of Bfl-1/A1 and its processing in response to TNF receptor activation in FL5.12 pro-B cells convert it into a prodeath factor.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Bfl-1/A1 is generally recognized as a Bcl-2-related inhibitor of apoptosis. We show that Bfl-1 undergoes constitutive ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated turnover. Moreover, while Bfl-1 suppresses apoptosis induced by staurosporine or cytokine withdrawal, it is proapoptotic in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor activation in FL5.12 pro-B cells. Its anti- versus proapoptotic effect is regulated by two proteolytic events: (1) its constitutive proteasome-mediated turnover and (2) its TNF/cycloheximide (CHX)-induced cleavage by mu-calpain, or a calpain-like activity, coincident with acquisition of a proapoptotic phenotype. In vitro studies suggest that calpain-mediated cleavage of Bfl-1 occurs between its Bcl-2 homology (BH)4 and BH3 domains. This would be consistent with the generation of a proapoptotic Bax-like BH1-3 molecule. Overall, our studies uncovered two new regulatory mechanisms that play a decisive role in determining Bfl-1's prosurvival versus prodeath activities. These findings might provide important clues to counteract chemoresistance in tumor cells that highly express Bfl-1.
- Kucharczak, JF; Simmons, MJ; Duckett, CS; Gélinas, C
- September 2005
Volume / Issue
- 12 / 9
Start / End Page
- 1225 - 1239
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)