Smac/Diablo antagonizes ubiquitin ligase activity of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) can block apoptosis through binding to active caspases and antagonizing their function. IAP function can be neutralized by Smac/Diablo, an IAP-binding protein that is released from mitochondria during apoptosis. In addition to their ability to interact with caspases, certain IAPs also display ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase activity because of the presence of a RING domain. However, it is not known whether the ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase activities of human IAPs contribute to their apoptosis inhibitory activity or whether this IAP property can be modulated through association with Smac/Diablo. Here we demonstrate that the ubiquitin ligase activities of XIAP, and to a lesser extent c-IAP-1 and c-IAP2, are potently repressed through binding to Smac/Diablo. We also show that mutation of the XIAP RING domain rendered this IAP a less effective inhibitor of apoptosis, suggesting that the ubiquitin ligase activity of XIAP contributes to its anti-apoptotic function. These data suggest that Smac/Diablo potentiates apoptosis by simultaneously antagonizing caspase-IAP interactions and repressing IAP ubiquitin ligase activities.
- Creagh, EM; Murphy, BM; Duriez, PJ; Duckett, CS; Martin, SJ
- June 25, 2004
Volume / Issue
- 279 / 26
Start / End Page
- 26906 - 26914
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States