DeepProjection: specific and robust projection of curved 2D tissue sheets from 3D microscopy using deep learning.
The efficient extraction of image data from curved tissue sheets embedded in volumetric imaging data remains a serious and unsolved problem in quantitative studies of embryogenesis. Here, we present DeepProjection (DP), a trainable projection algorithm based on deep learning. This algorithm is trained on user-generated training data to locally classify 3D stack content, and to rapidly and robustly predict binary masks containing the target content, e.g. tissue boundaries, while masking highly fluorescent out-of-plane artifacts. A projection of the masked 3D stack then yields background-free 2D images with undistorted fluorescence intensity values. The binary masks can further be applied to other fluorescent channels or to extract local tissue curvature. DP is designed as a first processing step than can be followed, for example, by segmentation to track cell fate. We apply DP to follow the dynamic movements of 2D-tissue sheets during dorsal closure in Drosophila embryos and of the periderm layer in the elongating Danio embryo. DeepProjection is available as a fully documented Python package.
Haertter, D; Wang, X; Fogerson, SM; Ramkumar, N; Crawford, JM; Poss, KD; Di Talia, S; Kiehart, DP; Schmidt, CF
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