Comparison of Cost and Perioperative Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Simple Prostatectomy and Laser Enucleation of the Prostate.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Introduction: Simple prostatectomy (SP) and laser enucleation of the prostate (LEP) are treatments for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with large glands (e.g., >80 g). The decision between the two operations is often dependent on surgeon preference/experience and equipment availability. As the use of minimally invasive techniques, such as robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy, has increased for the treatment of large gland BPH, studies comparing the outcomes and cost of these modalities in a contemporary cohort are lacking. Methods: All-payer data from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Databases from Florida, New York, California, and Maryland from 2016 to 2018 were used to identify adults who underwent SP or LEP for BPH. Patient demographics, facility characteristics, revisit rates, and cost of the index hospitalization were examined. Multivariable logistic and gamma generalized linear regression models were utilized to compare predictors of the operation performed, 30-day revisits, and index hospitalization cost among the two operations. Results: Of the 2032 patients in the cohort, 1067 (46.4%) underwent LEP and 965 (41.9%) underwent SP. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, SP patients were younger, had higher comorbidity scores, and were more likely to be uninsured compared with LEP patients. Thirty-day revisit rates among the operations were equivalent (odds ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval 0.63-1.27, p = 0.05). The mean adjusted cost of the index hospital stay for LEP was significantly greater than that of SP ($7291 vs $6442, p = 0.04). However, our sub-group analysis examining high-volume centers revealed no significant differences in cost ($6184 vs $5353, p = 0.1). Conclusions: Across the four states examined, SP and LEP were performed with comparable volume and had similar rates of 30-day revisits. The SP was less expensive than LEP overall; however, among high-volume facilities, the cost of both operations was reduced, such that they were equivalent.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hawken, SR; French, W; Kay, H; Scales, CD; Viprakasit, DP; Friedlander, DF

Published Date

  • January 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 60 - 66

PubMed ID

  • 36193580

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-900X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/end.2022.0404


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States