Adaptive Behavior in Young Autistic Children: Associations with Irritability and ADHD Symptoms.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms affect 40-60% of autistic children and have been linked to differences in adaptive behavior. It is unclear whether adaptive behavior in autistic youth is directly impacted by co-occurring ADHD symptoms or by another associated feature of both autism and ADHD, such as increased irritability. The current study examined relationships between irritability, ADHD symptoms, and adaptive behavior in 3- to 7-year-old autistic children. Results suggest that, after adjusting for co-occurring ADHD symptoms, higher levels of irritability are associated with differences in social adaptive behavior specifically. Understanding relationships between irritability, ADHD, and adaptive behavior in autistic children is critical because measures of adaptive behavior, such as the Vineland Scales of Adaptive Functioning, are often used as a proxy for global functioning, as well as for developing intervention plans and measuring outcomes as primary endpoints in clinical trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Carpenter, KLH; Davis, NO; Spanos, M; Sabatos-DeVito, M; Aiello, R; Baranek, GT; Compton, SN; Egger, HL; Franz, L; Kim, S-J; King, BH; Kolevzon, A; McDougle, CJ; Sanders, K; Veenstra-VanderWeele, J; Sikich, L; Kollins, SH; Dawson, G

Published Date

  • October 12, 2022

Published In

PubMed ID

  • 36222990

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3432

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10803-022-05753-2


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States