Salvage Cryoablation for Local Recurrences of Thyroid Cancer Inseparable from the Trachea and Neurovascular Structures.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To demonstrate safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of cryoablation of recurrent papillary thyroid cancer ineligible for reoperation because of scarring, eligible for focal ablation as defined within 2015 American Thyroid Association guideline sections C16 and C17. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With multidisciplinary consensus, cryoablation was performed with curative intent for 15 tumors in 10 patients between January 2019 and July 2021. Demographics, procedural details, and serial postprocedural imaging findings were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 72.5 years (range, 57-88 years), and 80% of the patients were women. The tumors (mean size, 16 mm ± 6; range, 9-29 mm) received 1 session of cryoablation with 100% technical success. The mean and median postcryoablation tumor volumetric involution rates were 88% and 99%, respectively, with 9 (60%) of 15 tumors involuting completely or down to the scar and 6 (40%) involuting partially at the end of the study period. Tumor size did not increase after cryoablation (0% local progression rate). All tumors abutted the trachea, skin, and/or vascular structures, and hydrodissection failed in all cases because of scarring. The major adverse event rate was 20% (3/15), with 2 cases of voice change and 1 case of Horner syndrome; all resolved at 6 months with no permanent sequelae. No vascular, tracheal, dermal, or infectious adverse events occurred during a mean follow-up of 242 days (range, 114-627 days). One patient died at 386 days after cryoablation because of unrelated cholangiocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Cryoablation of local recurrences of papillary thyroid cancer abutting the trachea and/or neurovascular structures in the setting of hydrodissection failure because of scarring yielded a mean volumetric involution of 88%, primary efficacy of 60%, and objective response rate of 100% with no local recurrences or permanent complications during a mean follow-up of 242 days. The secondary efficacy and longer-term outcomes remain forthcoming.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sag, AA; Perkins, JM; Kazaure, HS; Stang, MT; Rocke, DJ; Collins, A; Choe, JH; Scheri, RP

Published Date

  • January 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 54 - 62

PubMed ID

  • 36220608

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-7732

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvir.2022.10.001


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States