Reliability of gradient-based segmentation for measuring metabolic parameters influenced by uptake time on 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for prostate cancer

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Purpose: To determine an optimal setting for functional contouring and quantification of prostate cancer lesions with minimal variation by evaluating metabolic parameters on 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT measured by threshold-based and gradient-based methods under the influence of varying uptake time. Methods and materials: Dual time point PET/CT was chosen to mimic varying uptake time in clinical setting. Positive lesions of patients who presented with newly diagnosed disease or biochemical recurrence after total prostatectomy were reviewed retrospectively. Gradient-based and threshold-based tools at 40%, 50% and 60% of lesion SUVmax (MIM 6.9) were used to create contours on PET. Contouring was considered completed if the target lesion, with its hottest voxel, was delineated from background tissues and nearby lesions under criteria specific to their operations. The changes in functional tumour volume (FTV) and metabolic tumour burden (MTB, defined as the product of SUVmean and FTV) were analysed. Lesion uptake patterns (increase/decrease/stable) were determined by the percentage change in tumour SUVmax at ±10% limit. Results: A total of 275 lesions (135 intra-prostatic lesions, 65 lymph nodes, 45 bone lesions and 30 soft tissue lesions in pelvic region) in 68 patients were included. Mean uptake time of early and delayed imaging were 94 and 144 minutes respectively. Threshold-based method using 40% to 60% delineated only 85 (31%), 110 (40%) and 137 (50%) of lesions which all were contoured by gradient-based method. Although the overall percentage change using threshold at 50% was the smallest among other threshold levels in FTV measurement, it was still larger than gradient-based method (median: 50%=-7.6% vs gradient=0%). The overall percentage increase in MTB of gradient-based method (median: 6.3%) was compatible with the increase in tumour SUVmax. Only a small proportion of intra-prostatic lesions (<2%), LN (<4%), bone lesions (0%) and soft tissue lesions (<4%) demonstrated decrease uptake patterns. Conclusions: With a high completion rate, gradient-based method is reliable for prostate cancer lesion contouring on 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT. Under the influence of varying uptake time, it has smaller variation than threshold-based method for measuring volumetric parameters. Therefore, gradient-based method is recommended for tumour delineation and quantification on 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lau, YC; Chen, S; Ho, CL; Cai, J

Published Date

  • September 29, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 /

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2234-943X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fonc.2022.897700

Citation Source

  • Scopus