Interferon-inducible mechanism of dendritic cell-mediated HIV-1 dissemination is dependent on Siglec-1/CD169.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) interactions with myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) can result in virus dissemination to CD4⁺ T cells via a trans infection pathway dependent on virion incorporation of the host cell derived glycosphingolipid (GSL), GM3. The mechanism of DC-mediated trans infection is extremely efficacious and can result in infection of multiple CD4⁺ T cells as these cells make exploratory contacts on the DC surface. While it has long been appreciated that activation of DCs with ligands that induce type I IFN signaling pathway dramatically enhances DC-mediated T cell trans infection, the mechanism by which this occurs has remained unclear until now. Here, we demonstrate that the type I IFN-inducible Siglec-1, CD169, is the DC receptor that captures HIV in a GM3-dependent manner. Selective downregulation of CD169 expression, neutralizing CD169 function, or depletion of GSLs from virions, abrogated DC-mediated HIV-1 capture and trans infection, while exogenous expression of CD169 in receptor-naïve cells rescued GSL-dependent capture and trans infection. HIV-1 particles co-localized with CD169 on DC surface immediately following capture and subsequently within non-lysosomal compartments that redistributed to the DC--T cell infectious synapses upon initiation of T cell contact. Together, these findings describe a novel mechanism of pathogen parasitization of host encoded cellular recognition machinery (GM3--CD169 interaction) for DC-dependent HIV dissemination.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Puryear, WB; Akiyama, H; Geer, SD; Ramirez, NP; Yu, X; Reinhard, BM; Gummuluru, S

Published Date

  • January 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 4

Start / End Page

  • e1003291 -

PubMed ID

  • 23593001

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3623718

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1553-7374

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1553-7366

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003291


  • eng