CD155 is a putative therapeutic target in medulloblastoma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is the most common pediatric malignant brain tumor, consisting of four molecular subgroups (WNT, SHH, Group 3, Group 4) and 12 subtypes. Expression of the cell surface poliovirus receptor (PVR), CD155, is necessary for entry of the viral immunotherapeutic agent, PVSRIPO, a polio:rhinovirus chimera. CD155, physiologically expressed in the mononuclear phagocytic system, is widely expressed ectopically in solid tumors. The objective of this study is to elucidate CD155 expression as both a receptor for PVSRIPO and a therapeutic target in medulloblastoma. METHODS: PVR mRNA expression was determined in several patient cohorts and human medulloblastoma cell lines. Patient samples were also analyzed for CD155 expression using immunohistochemistry and cell lines were analyzed using Western Blots. CD155 was blocked using a monoclonal antibody and cell viability, invasion, and migration were assessed. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: PVR mRNA expression was highest in the WNT subgroup and lowest in Group 4. PVR expression in the subgroups of medulloblastoma were similar to other pediatric brain and non-brain tumors. PVR expression was largely not associated with subgroup or subtype. Neither PVR protein expression intensity nor frequency were associated with overall survival. PVR expression was elevated in Group 3 patients with metastases but there was no difference in paired primary and metastatic medulloblastoma. Blocking PVR resulted in dose-dependent cell death, decreased invasion in vitro, and modestly inhibited cell migration. CONCLUSIONS: CD155 is expressed across medulloblastoma subgroups and subtypes. Blocking CD155 results in cell death and decreased cellular invasion. This study provides rationale for CD155-targeting agents including PVSRIPO and antibody-mediated blockade of CD155.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, S; McLendon, R; Sankey, E; Kornahrens, R; Lyne, A-M; Cavalli, FMG; McKay, Z; Herndon, JE; Remke, M; Picard, D; Gromeier, M; Brown, M; Thompson, EM

Published Date

  • March 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 696 - 705

PubMed ID

  • 36301489

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1699-3055

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12094-022-02975-9


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Italy