Treatment Time and In-Hospital Mortality Among Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction, 2018-2021.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

IMPORTANCE: Recognizing the association between timely treatment and less myocardial injury for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), US national guidelines recommend specific treatment-time goals. OBJECTIVE: To describe these process measures and outcomes for a recent cohort of patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of a diagnosis-based registry between the second quarter of 2018 and the third quarter of 2021 for 114 871 patients with STEMI treated at 648 hospitals in the Get With The Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease registry. EXPOSURES: STEMI or STEMI equivalent. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Treatment times, in-hospital mortality, and adherence to system goals (75% treated ≤90 minutes of first medical contact if the first hospital is percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]-capable and ≤120 minutes if patients require transfer to a PCI-capable hospital). RESULTS: In the study population, median age was 63 (IQR, 54-72) years, 71% were men, and 29% were women. Median time from symptom onset to PCI was 148 minutes (IQR, 111-226) for patients presenting to PCI-capable hospitals by emergency medical service, 195 minutes (IQR, 127-349) for patients walking in, and 240 minutes (IQR, 166-402) for patients transferred from another hospital. Adjusted in-hospital mortality was lower for those treated within target times vs beyond time goals for patients transported via emergency medical services (first medical contact to laboratory activation ≤20 minutes [in-hospital mortality, 3.6 vs 9.2] adjusted OR, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.48-0.60], and first medical contact to device ≤90 minutes [in-hospital mortality, 3.3 vs 12.1] adjusted OR, 0.40 [95% CI, 0.36-0.44]), walk-in patients (hospital arrival to device ≤90 minutes [in-hospital mortality, 1.8 vs 4.7] adjusted OR, 0.47 [95% CI, 0.40-0.55]), and transferred patients (door-in to door-out time <30 minutes [in-hospital mortality, 2.9 vs 6.4] adjusted OR, 0.51 [95% CI, 0.32-0.78], and first hospital arrival to device ≤120 minutes [in-hospital mortality, 4.3 vs 14.2] adjusted OR, 0.44 [95% CI, 0.26-0.71]). Regardless of mode of presentation, system goals were not met in most quarters, with the most delayed system performance among patients requiring interhospital transfer (17% treated ≤120 minutes). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study of patients with STEMI included in a US national registry provides information on changes in process and outcomes between 2018 and 2021.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jollis, JG; Granger, CB; Zègre-Hemsey, JK; Henry, TD; Goyal, A; Tamis-Holland, JE; Roettig, ML; Ali, MJ; French, WJ; Poudel, R; Zhao, J; Stone, RH; Jacobs, AK

Published Date

  • November 22, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 328 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 2033 - 2040

PubMed ID

  • 36335474

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9638953

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-3598

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1001/jama.2022.20149


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States