Impact of Computerized Cognitive Training on Default Mode Network Connectivity in Subjects at Risk for Alzheimer's Disease: A 78-week Randomized Controlled Trial.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a high risk group for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Computerized Cognitive Games Training (CCT) is an investigational strategy to improve targeted functions in MCI through the modulation of cognitive networks. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine the effect of CCT versus a non-targeted active brain exercise on functional cognitive networks. METHODS: 107 patients with MCI were randomized to CCT or web-based crossword puzzles. Resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) was obtained at baseline and 18 months to evaluate differences in fMRI measured within- and between-network functional connectivity (FC) of the default mode network (DMN) and other large-scale brain networks: the executive control, salience, and sensorimotor networks. RESULTS: There were no differences between crosswords and games in the primary outcome, within-network DMN FC across all subjects. However, secondary analyses suggest differential effects on between-network connectivity involving the DMN and SLN, and within-network connectivity of the DMN in subjects with late MCI. Paradoxically, in both cases, there was a decrease in FC for games and an increase for the crosswords control (p < 0.05), accompanied by lesser cognitive decline in the crosswords group. CONCLUSION: Results do not support a differential impact on within-network DMN FC between games and crossword puzzle interventions. However, crossword puzzles might result in cognitively beneficial remodeling between the DMN and other networks in more severely impaired MCI subjects, parallel to the observed clinical benefits.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Petrella, JR; Michael, AM; Qian, M; Nwosu, A; Sneed, J; Goldberg, TE; Devanand, DP; Doraiswamy, PM

Published Date

  • 2023

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 91 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 483 - 494

PubMed ID

  • 36442202

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9881022

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-8908

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3233/JAD-220946


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands