Accuracy of estimated fetal weight assessment in fetuses with abdominal wall defects.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BackgroundGastroschisis and omphalocele are congenital abdominal wall defects in which the bowel and other abdominal contents extrude from the fetal abdominal cavity. Standard formulas for estimated fetal weight using ultrasound include fetal abdominal circumference measurement and have a range of error of approximately 10%. It is unknown whether the accuracy of estimated fetal weight assessment is compromised in fetuses with abdominal wall defects because of the extrusion of abdominal contents.
ObjectiveThis study aimed to assess the accuracy of standard estimated fetal weight assessment in fetuses with abdominal wall defects by comparing prenatal assessment of fetal weight with actual birthweight.
Study designA retrospective cohort study of fetuses diagnosed with gastroschisis or omphalocele was performed at a single center from 2012 to 2018. Fetuses with additional anomalies or confirmed chromosome abnormalities were excluded. Estimated fetal weight was calculated using the Hadlock formula. Published estimates of fetal growth rate were used to establish a projected estimated fetal weight at birth from the final growth ultrasound, and the percent difference between projected estimated fetal weight at birth and actual birthweight was calculated. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to examine the difference between projected estimated fetal weight and actual birthweight.
ResultsWe had complete data for 112 fetuses with abdominal wall defects, including 85 with gastroschisis and 27 with omphalocele. The median (interquartile range) projected estimated fetal weight was similar to median birthweight, at 2283 g (interquartile range, 2000-2810) and 2306 g (interquartile range, 1991-264), respectively, which did not represent a statistically significant difference between projected estimated fetal weight and actual birthweight (P=.32). The median percent error was 6.8 (3.1-12.8). In addition, we did not find any statistical difference between projected estimated fetal weight and actual birthweight in patients with gastroschisis (P=.52) or omphalocele (P=.35) individually. Estimated fetal weight was underestimated in most cases (n=68 [60.7%]).
ConclusionIn fetuses with abdominal wall defects, standard measurement of fetal weight shows an accuracy that is at least comparable with previously established margins of error for ultrasound assessment of fetal weight. Standard estimated fetal weight assessment remains an appropriate method of estimating fetal weight in these fetuses.
- Ha, LC; Craig, A; Grace, MR; Osmundson, SS; Taylor, EW; Zuckerwise, LC
- July 2021
- American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Mfm
Volume / Issue
- 3 / 4
Start / End Page
- 100385 -
Pubmed Central ID
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International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
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