Interview experience, post-interview communication, and gender-based differences in the integrated vascular surgery residency match.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: Integrated vascular surgery residency (IVSR) applicant perspective about the match process has been rarely studied, yet this has important implications on trainee recruitment. We sought to better understand the nature of the interview process and post-interview communication and its impact on students' ranking choices. METHODS: A voluntary and anonymous survey was sent to students who matched to IVSR in 2020, inquiring about interviews, post-interview communications, and factors influencing students' rank lists. RESULTS: Seventy of the 73 matched students completed the survey (96% response rate; 23 female and 47 male respondents). Applicants reported they were asked questions about other programs of interest (81.4%), top choice programs (65.7%), marital status (32.9%), family planning (7.1%), and religion (1.4%) during interviews. Female applicants were more frequently asked questions about family planning (17.4% vs 2.1%; P < .01) and marital status (52.5% vs 23.4%; P < .01) compared with male applicants. After interviews, 92.9% of applicants notified their top choice program of their ranking preference. Of applicants, 61.4% received post-interview communication with regards to ranking from at least one program, initiated by program directors in 81.3% of instances. Among these applicants, 58.1% reported that the post-interview communication had an impact on their rank list, and 46.5% matched at a program by which they were contacted. Of applicants, 5.7% were asked by a program to reveal their ranking of the program, and 11.4% were promised by a program to be ranked first if the applicant reciprocally ranked them first. Female and male applicants weighed program culture, operative volume, mentorship, and prestige equally in making their rank list. Male applicants weighed the sub-internship experience more significantly; however, female applicants weighed the sub-internship experience, personal relationships in certain cities, dedicated professional development years, and large female representation in the program more heavily (P < .02). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight into the interview experience and impactful factors for the vascular surgery match. Both female and male applicants were asked a high number of questions about personal matters unrelated to medical school performance. Female applicants, however, experienced a higher proportion of these instances, particularly regarding family planning. These findings demonstrate the factors that are important to applicants in the match process and raises awareness of potential challenges in the interview and recruitment process.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fereydooni, A; Ramirez, JL; Morrow, KL; Sorondo, S; Lee, JT; Coleman, DM; Chandra, V

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 75 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 316 - 322.e2

PubMed ID

  • 34197947

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6809

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jvs.2021.05.060


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States