Establishment of multi-stage intravenous self-administration paradigms in mice.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Genetically tractable animal models provide needed strategies to resolve the biological basis of drug addiction. Intravenous self-administration (IVSA) is the gold standard for modeling psychostimulant and opioid addiction in animals, but technical limitations have precluded the widespread use of IVSA in mice. Here, we describe IVSA paradigms for mice that capture the multi-stage nature of the disorder and permit predictive modeling. In these paradigms, C57BL/6J mice with long-standing indwelling jugular catheters engaged in cocaine- or remifentanil-associated lever responding that was fixed ratio-dependent, dose-dependent, extinguished by withholding the drug, and reinstated by the presentation of drug-paired cues. The application of multivariate analysis suggested that drug taking in both paradigms was a function of two latent variables we termed incentive motivation and discriminative control. Machine learning revealed that vulnerability to drug seeking and relapse were predicted by a mouse's a priori response to novelty, sensitivity to drug-induced locomotion, and drug-taking behavior. The application of these behavioral and statistical-analysis approaches to genetically-engineered mice will facilitate the identification of neural circuits driving addiction susceptibility and relapse and focused therapeutic development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Slosky, LM; Pires, A; Bai, Y; Clark, NB; Hauser, ER; Gross, JD; Porkka, F; Zhou, Y; Chen, X; Pogorelov, VM; Toth, K; Wetsel, WC; Barak, LS; Caron, MG

Published Date

  • December 11, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 21422 -

PubMed ID

  • 36503898

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9742147

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2045-2322

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41598-022-24740-2


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England