Comparison of Open-Access, Trough-Only Online Calculators Versus Trapezoidal Method for Calculation of Vancomycin Area Under the Curve (AUC).

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Vancomycin area-under-the-curve (AUC) monitoring is associated with reduced nephrotoxicity but may increase cost and workload for personnel compared to trough monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of vancomycin AUC calculated by open-access, online, trough-only calculators to AUCs calculated by the trapezoidal method (TM) using peak and trough concentrations. METHODS: This retrospective, multi-center study included adults ≥18 years old with stable renal function who received vancomycin with steady-state peak and trough concentrations. Areas under the curve calculated by TM were compared to AUCs calculated by 3 online calculators using trough-only options for calculation: ClinCalc, VancoVanco, and VancoPK. The primary outcome was actual difference in AUC between TM and the online calculators. Secondary outcomes were percent difference in AUC and clinical alignment in dose adjustments between methods. RESULTS: Seventy patients were included for analysis. There was a statistically significant difference in AUC between TM and ClinCalc (median actual difference: -52, P < 0.001) and VancoVanco (median actual difference: 95, P < 0.001), whereas there was no significant difference between TM and VancoPK (median actual difference: -0.8, P = 0.827). Discordant dose adjustments were indicated when comparing ClinCalc, VancoVanco, and VancoPK to TM in 28%, 36%, and 12% of cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: The AUC calculator most closely aligned with TM was VancoPK, whereas other included calculators were statistically different. Owing to the cost and complexity of obtaining multiple levels, our findings support using a single steady-state trough using VancoPK as an alternative to TM for calculation of vancomycin AUC.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Keil, E; Wrenn, RH; Deri, CR; Slaton, CN; Shroba, J; Parish, A; Erkanli, A; Spivey, J

Published Date

  • December 1, 2022

Published In

Start / End Page

  • 10600280221138867 -

PubMed ID

  • 36453697

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1542-6270

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/10600280221138867


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States