COVID-19, violence, and mental health among Indigenous gay and bisexual men in Guatemala: An urgent call from key stakeholders.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We explored how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the health and wellbeing of Indigenous gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Guatemala, a group that experiences intersectional stigma and structural barriers to health. Between February and May 2021, we conducted in-depth qualitative interviews via Zoom with key stakeholders (n  = 11) working with Indigenous GBM throughout Guatemala. We coded thematically and conducted narrative analysis to identify the most salient themes. Participants described that prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, many Indigenous GBM migrated to urban centres to avoid stigma and violence from families and rural communities. After the onset of COVID-19, many Indigenous GBM lost their jobs and were forced to move back in with families. For Indigenous GBM who returned, participants described a perceived increase in the severity of physical and psychological violence. Participants attributed this increase in severity to retribution from families and communities for having left. Most Indigenous GBM-serving organisations reported a drastic increase in demand for mental health services. Organisations serving Indigenous GBM have an urgent need to scale up their mental health services and find innovative ways to provide these services remotely during the pandemic and beyond. Technology-based mental health interventions that require little 'live' interaction may be appropriate.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, DA; Orellana, ER; Estrada-Villalta, S; Brouwer, KC

Published Date

  • May 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 652 - 661

PubMed ID

  • 35282763

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9118334

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-1706

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1744-1692

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/17441692.2022.2049844


  • eng