Interpersonal violence victimisation, HIV-related behaviours and STIs among adult, urban Indigenous and non-Indigenous gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Guatemala.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men are disproportionately affected by HIV in Guatemala; interpersonal violence may increase behaviours that augment the risk of HIV in this group. Although 44% of Guatemalans identify as Indigenous, little information exists on the experiences of Indigenous sexual minority individuals. In this study, we sought to compare different forms of violence and HIV-related behaviours by Indigenous identity among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men; and determine if associations between violence and HIV-related behaviours differed by Indigenous identity. We used cross-sectional survey data from 716 Spanish-speaking, adult men recruited from urban centres to examine the prevalence of and relationship between different forms of interpersonal violence and HIV-related behaviours using logistic regression analyses, including the moderating effect of Indigenous identity. In general, fewer Indigenous participants reported interpersonal violence victimisation and HIV-related behaviours compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. In weighted multivariable analyses, non-Indigenous participants who reported physical and/or sexual violence were over five times as likely to report transactional sex (OR = 5.17, 95% CI 2.11-12.68, p  < 0.001), but the relationship was not significant for Indigenous participants. Findings suggest that Indigenous sexual minority men have unique contexts and that additional strengths-based research is needed to ensure that actions and efforts to promote violence and HIV prevention meet their needs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, DA; Duarte, G; Villatoro, D; Letona, P; Barrington, C; Wheeler, J

Published Date

  • November 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1531 - 1547

PubMed ID

  • 34506249

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8907936

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-5351

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1369-1058

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/13691058.2021.1974948


  • eng