Dual action antimicrobials: nitric oxide release from quaternary ammonium-functionalized silica nanoparticles.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The synthesis of quaternary ammonium (QA)-functionalized silica nanoparticles with and without nitric oxide (NO) release capabilities is described. Glycidyltrialkylammonium chlorides of varied alkyl chain lengths (i.e., methyl, butyl, octyl, and dodecyl) were tethered to the surface of amine-containing silica nanoparticles via a ring-opening reaction. Secondary amines throughout the particle were then functionalized with N-diazeniumdiolate NO donors to yield dual functional nanomaterials with surface QAs and total NO payloads of 0.3 μmol/mg. The bactericidal activities of singly (i.e., only NO-releasing or only QA-functionalized) and dual (i.e., NO-releasing and QA-functionalized) functional nanoparticles were tested against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa . Particles with only NO release capabilities alone were found to be more effective against P. aeruginosa , while particles with only QA-functionalities exhibited greater toxicity toward S. aureus . The minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of QA-functionalized particles decreased with increasing alkyl chain length against both microbes tested. Combining NO release and QA-functionalities on the same particle resulted in an increase in bactericidal efficacy against S. aureus ; however, no change in activity against P. aeruginosa was observed compared to NO-releasing particles alone.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Carpenter, AW; Worley, BV; Slomberg, DL; Schoenfisch, MH

Published Date

  • October 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 3334 - 3342

PubMed ID

  • 22998760

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3482837

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-4602

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1525-7797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bm301108x


  • eng