Regulated expression of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in the human endometrium: a potential paracrine role during implantation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) is a recently identified member of the EGF growth factor family found to be expressed in the uterus of both mouse and human at the time of implantation. In the present study, we investigated the expression patterns of HB-EGF in normal cycling endometrium and compared its expression with the fertility-associated endometrial epithelial biomarkers alpha(v)beta(3) integrin, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and homeobox gene, HOXA-10. RNase protection assay (RPA) using RNA made from endometrium collected from different phases of the menstrual cycle demonstrated increased HB-EGF expression during the mid-secretory phase, a pattern similar to, but slightly preceding the expression of alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and HOXA-10. In vitro studies demonstrated stimulation of HB-EGF expression by estradiol-17beta (E(2)) and progesterone (P(4)) alone or in combination in stromal cells. Combined treatment with E(2) + P(4) was, however, required to stimulate epithelial HB-EGF expression. In vitro experiments demonstrated the ability of HB-EGF to stimulate epithelial expression of the key endometrial proteins including LIF, HOXA-10, and the beta(3) integrin subunit. Each has previously been demonstrated to be an important epithelial biomarker expressed during the implantation window. In addition, conditioned media from endometrial stromal cells treated with E(2) + P(4) + relaxin mimicked the stimulatory effect of HB-EGF on epithelial expression of the beta(3) integrin subunit. The stimulatory effect of the stromal-conditioned medium was blocked by antibodies that neutralize a known receptor for HB-EGF. These data suggest that uterine receptivity may be regulated in part by the stromal-derived HB-EGF.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lessey, BA; Gui, Y; Apparao, KBC; Young, SL; Mulholland, J

Published Date

  • August 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 446 - 455

PubMed ID

  • 12112577

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-452X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mrd.10129


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States